II. Tao Yin
III. Tui Na
IV. Pa Tuan Jin
What is Baduanjin?
Baduan literally means "eight sections" and jin, "brocade".
Like most popular traditions in any culture the origins of Baduanjin are
shrouded in myth and legend. Some say they began several thousands of years ago.
There are, in fact, historical records of exercises that resemble Baduanjin
dating back 4000 years to the time of the Yao settlements. An exciting piece of
evidence was unearthed in the late 1970's known as the Dao Ying Xing Qi Fa
(Method of Inducing Free Flow of Chi). This silk book dates from the Western
Han Dynasty and contains 44 drawings of men and women from different social
classes in exercise postures very similar to Baduanjin.
It is known for certain that the famous General Yeuh Fei who lived during the
Southern Sung Dynasty developed a set of 12 exercises to train his army. These
later, he simplified to eight. In the course of its development, Baduanjin has
appeared in a number of different versions. Two fo the more popular versions are
one done seated and another done standing. The seated version was devised by
Zhong Li in the Tang dynasty (618-907) and rearrand rearranged by Li Shixin, a
lecturer in the Physical Education Department of Beijing University. The standing
version was compiled by Zhuo Dahong, associate professor at Zhangshan medical
College, on the basis of several already existing standing versions. Today visitors at
the Shaolin Temple in Henan, China can see statues of monks performing
Baduanjin and use them as part of their daily training. List below are the names of
the eight movements.
Supporting the Sky with Two Hands
Drawing the Bow as Though Shooting the Eagle
Holding up a Single Hand
Looking Back to Gaze at the Moon
Leanowering the Head and Hips to Calm Heart-Fire
Reaching Down to Dissipate Kidney Disease
Punching with Intense Gaze to Increase Qi and Strength
Shaking Body to Ward Off Disease
V. Yi Bai Ching Kung
VI. Kum Nye